Monday, 12 August 2013

Fancy Iced Coffee

Fancy  Iced Coffee










1.Brew a pot of coffee.




2.Fill a couple of ice cube trays with coffee.




3.Then freeze. This is so important for full flavored iced coffee and not some
watered down half- baked attempt!


4. Leave the rest of the pot of coffee on counter to cool then store in fridge.
 

5. When you are ready, put ice cubes in a glass then Pour 2/3 rds full with coffee
and the rest with milk.



 

6. Add sugar or sweetener of choice. Give it a stir.

7. If you’re feeling sassy put in a straw and ENJOY!

Friday, 14 June 2013

DIY Cleaning Jewellery at Home

Hi All!

How many of you love silver jewellery? I sure do! but there is something about my body chemistry that turns any silver that I wear, black........... 

Some one told me to scrub my silver with toothpaste/toothpowder, but it was too much hard work, and did not really change the colour of tarnished silver for me. Others told me to boil my silver in detergent water, but that didn't work very well either. Recently a friend shared this recipe with me which had been give to her by her mom.

I tried it out with two sets I wear regularly, a pair of anklets which I have been wearing for nearly seven years and they had turned quite black. Another is a pair of silver bangles which belong to my mother and are about as old as I am........   So , they were quite tarnished! I was pleasantly surprised as to how simple and quick this method was. 

So I thought, why not share it with you as well.

What you need:
 1 tsp each if salt, backing powder/soda and dish wash liquid, aluminium foil, a glass bowl, 1 cup water.

Line the glass bowl with aluminium foil.
 
 Mix the dish wash liquid, salt and backing powder/soda

 Heat a cup of water to boiling point

 Pour it into the mixture.

 Place your jewellery in this mix and shake it around a bit. Leave for about 10 minutes

Brush lightly with a toothbrush to remove the dirt from the crevices.
Wash with fresh water and wipe with soft cloth.
 
Before

After
Do you see the difference? It was like magic!

I am told that it works equally well for gold jewellery, with stones set as well!

Try it out and let me know how it worked for you!

Take Care!!

Wednesday, 12 June 2013

Beauty tips for coffee lovers!


OK.......... How many coffee lovers out there? Many............ i can safely assume. Some of us want the early morning fix to start the day, some need cup after cup, or should I say mug after mug  to get through the day. And there are others,like me who drink coffee for fun. 

there has been a whole lot of research on the benefits or ill-effects of coffee and the jury is still out, but in the mean time, it seems coffee has some excellent beauty benefits (ok, ok the BB effect)! 

So lets first look at the properties that make it an excellent skin care agent.
Caffeine has potent anti-inflammatory properties that make it ideal for reducing inflammation and redness in your skin. In a 1981 study performed at the Seoul National University, researchers found that caffeine is able to reduce inflammation almost as well as aspirin; in a 1978 performed at the University of Tennessee, researchers found that adding caffeine to anti-inflammatory creams significantly increased their effectiveness. Overall, use of skin care products containing caffeine will reduce and prevent inflammation and redness, leaving you with a beautiful, even skin tone.
Although caffeine cannot completely erase hereditary dark circles, applying caffeine under your eyes will reduce the puffiness and inflammation associated with dark circles. Additionally, caffeine reduces the build-up of blood under your eyes which contributes to dark shadows. Several eye creams contain caffeine, or you can apply moist tea bags to your eyes for five minutes to reduce puffiness and give you a more alert appearance.
 
 
Caffeine can also reduce the appearance of cellulite. In a 2008 study performed at the University of São Paulo, researchers found that an application of skin cream containing caffeine to cellulite reduced the size of cellulite fat cells by 17 percent. In addition, a 2007 study performed at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro found that caffeine cream applied to cellulite decreased the hip's diameter in almost 70 percent of participants. A number of anti-cellulite creams have been developed to reduce the appearance of cellulite, or you can take advantage of the power of caffeine by adding ground or instant coffee to your regular body scrub at home.

(Credits: www.livestrong.com)


How can coffee be used for beauty care? The best way to use coffee for home beauty treatments is using filter coffee. Instant coffee usually leaves no residue. Filter coffee actually contains the skin of the coffee bean. This skin of the coffee bean is what gets left behind after it had been brewed in a coffee maker or the more traditional South Indian filter for getting the decoction of coffee. The residue left behind is what is best as a beauty aid. If you do not have access to filter coffee, instant coffee should suffice. But be warned that it will stain your skin (since it will be stronger than the brewed filter residue)

 

A Simple trick to start you out.
Give your skin a buzz with used coffee grounds (filter coffee residue after brewing). Simply scrub the crumbly goodness all over your body for a natural exfoliant. Rubbing grounds into your skin will slough off dead skin cells and leave your skin feeling refreshed. For a smoother scrub, add a bit of olive oil to the grounds.

Hands feeling rough and dry? Rub your hands together using the same recipe, and see the difference. 

A Do-it-yourself facial
No need for high-end (and high-priced) spa treatments to get your skin glowing. Indulge in a coffee grounds facial to soften the delicate skin on your face.
Simply mix together these ingredients:
2 tablespoons freshly ground coffee (or used grinds)
2 tablespoons cocoa powder
3 tablespoons milk (whole), heavy cream or yogurt
1 tablespoon honey
Massage this chocolatey delicious mask into your skin in the morning for a quick perk up. Allow the mask to dry for 15-20 minutes. Then rinse it off thoroughly.
This yummy mask will help tighten pores and remove dead cells. The coffee grinds will help reduce puffiness and swelling, while the cocoa, honey and milk will add moisture to your skin. Some people report brown staining on skin. In which case reduce the wait time. If you have very oily skin, prone to break outs, you might want to ignore the honey and use low fat milk

Now for something more luxurious....
Egyptian Revitalizing Coffee Scrub Recipe
INGREDIENTS
  1. 3 Tablespoons of  moist, used coffee grounds
  2. 1 Tablespoon of  Extra Virgin Olive Oil or coconut oil
  3. 1/3 teaspoon of pure honey ( use more if your skin is extra dry)
DIRECTIONS
  1. Mix all ingredients together in a bowl.
  2. Wash your face with cool water to remove any dirt or makeup.
  3. Apply the scrub to your face and massage gently in a circular motion.
  4. Let scrub sit on your face for 1-2 minutes.
  5. Rinse scrub off with cool water.
  6. Pat your face dry with a clean towel.
You can even use it for a whole body exfoliation. But be warned of the mess in the bathroom. 
 
A lot of anti-ageing creams have caffeine in them. So, rubbing coffee grounds into your skin is a great way to beat the wrinkles without burning a hole in your pocket!
Using coffee as an exfoliator or face mask makes my skin feel fabulously soft and deliciously smelling of coffee.............. :)




These scrubs are supposed to fight cellulite too. Mix 1/4 cup warm, used coffee grounds with 1 tablespoon of olive or coconut oil, then, while standing over an old towel or newspaper, apply the mixture to your "problem areas". Next, wrap the areas with shrink wrap and leave on for several minutes. Unwind the wrap, brush loose grounds off your skin and then shower with warm water. For best results, it is recommended to repeat this procedure twice a week. A little weird to be sure, but as high priced cellulite creams actually have coffee in them, it just might work (This I have not tried)
 
 
It seems you can use coffee as a great hair care agent too. 
Rubbing in some coffee grounds into your scalp and hair helps condition and make your hair shiny. It works really well for those with dark brown or black hair.
 
Mixing instant coffee with henna powder gives a darker tint to your hair.

Compost Material – Coffee grounds fit the standards set by gardeners for compost materials. The grounds, when mixed with soil, release nutrients that make the ground richer. If you have a good supply of coffee grounds, just spread them evenly in your garden or pots. Your plants will reward you by producing robust blooms. 




There are so many more uses of coffee other than just drinking it. If you have a secret use for coffee let me know.............

Till then,take care..........

Sunday, 9 June 2013

Somi's Ayurvedic Glow Active Face and Body Grains - Review

Hello again!


I have been using Somi's Ayurvedic products for the last couple of years and have got good results with some of the products. So, I thought it would be a good idea to share my experience about these products with you.


Today, I am going to review Glow Active Face and Body Grains.

First let us look at the product:


 I have put in a picture of Glow Shine Solution because both these products have to be used in combination.


What Glow Active Grains and Glow Shine Solution look like.
 Ok lets begin with the ingredients:
For Glow Active:
Each 5 gm contains:
  1. Ashwagandha............... 1250mg
  2. Saurashtri Mrittika........ 1250 mg
  3. Yaba/barley...................1250mg
  4. Haridra.........................1250 mg
For Glow Shine:
Aqueous Extracts of (For every 5ml):
  1. Someraji Beej................200 mg
  2. Daruharidra...................200 mg
  3. Haridra.........................100 mg
  4. Chakunde Beej.............100 mg
Other Ingredients:
  1. Polysorbates 20...........0.1 ml (are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. They are often used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products.)
  2. Sorbitol.......................0.05 ml (often used in modern cosmetics as a humectant and thickener. Sorbitol often is used in mouthwashes and toothpastes.)
  3. Propylene Glycol.........0.05 ml (is a humectant, which means it helps the skin to absorb moisture. It helps to carry the water-based ingredients into the skin.)
  4. Glycerine....................0.075 ml (It draws moisture up through skin layers and slows or prevents excessive drying and evaporation.)
Preservative:
  1. Sodium Benzoate........25mg
Flavour: Mixed Fruit............0.05 mg (IP)
Colour: Green......................5 mg (PFA)
Purified water .....................Q.S. to 5ml

Benefits of the ingredients:

Ashwagandha has anti-aging, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and moisturizing properties.

Saurashtri Mrittika, probably multani mitti removes dead cells from the skin making space for it to breathe. It helps in removing acne and blemishes to a great degree. It is well capable of removing all the impurities from your skin so that your pores are not clogged anymore. It improves blood circulation also. It is an antiseptic agent and improves blood circulation.It is useful in soothing sunburns.
Barley is rich in proteins and enzymes. softens and smoothens skin, reduces wrinkles, eliminates pigment spots, and gives fair complexion. It eliminates acne and effectively prevents dry skin.
Haridra or turmeric: skin care benefits associated with turmeric, include the treatment of acne blemishes, blackheads, dark spots and hyper-pigmentation and other skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis. It helps heal and prevent dry skin, and to slow the skin aging process, and is used to diminish wrinkles, keep skin supple and improve skin’s elasticity. This spice is also being used as an ingredient in sunscreens 
   Someraj beej couldn't find its latin or common name. :(

 Daruharidra/tree turmeric: It has anti-bacterial, anti septic properties and is useful in treating acne.

Chakunda beej: The pant is reported to have antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, analgesic, anticonvulsant, antipyretic, antifungal, anthelmintic, diuretic, expectorant, laxative carminative, anti-cholesterol, emollient properties.



Before Application

During Application

After Washing Off
Indications: Helps in lightening blemishes and protects skin from infections.

Method of Use: Take equal amounts of Glow active grains and Glow Shine solution to make a smooth paste, add a few drops of water if required. Apply evenly on face and neck. Leave on skin for 5 minutes, gently scrub face and wash off with cool water. Use 3-4 times a day.

Price: Glow Active: INR 115 for 200 g and Glow Shine Solution: INR 250 for 200ml.

What it did for me: 
The product has suited my oily and sensitive skin type very well. I of course keep on the application till it dries completely. It really cleans out my skin of daily dirt and grime and oil (did i mention I have very oily skin?) feeling fresh, without leaving it feeling stretched and scratchy. I have not felt the need to use a face wash when I use this product. My skin is very prone to pimples, but since I have used this product, I have had lesser break-outs even during peak humidity in summers.
I have even used the solution on its own on some cotton-wool to clean my face on the go. Quite effective!

Now let us look at the overall picture:

Pros:
  1. Almost completely natural (except for the preservatives)
  2. The ingredients are all geared towards removing excess oil from skin and fighting infections.
  3. The ingredients are safe unless someone has an allergy to a particular item.
  4. Doesn't harm the environment (chemical soaps and face-washes have elements which are pollution and non-biodegradable)
  5. Cleanses skin effectively
  6. Leaves skin feeling fresh
  7. Does not overdry.
  8. Reduces breakouts.
  9. Leaves skin glowing
  10. Reduces tanning
  11. Removes dead skin
  12. Price doesn't burn a hole in the pocket
Cons:
  1. Not easily available outside West Bengal.
Will I buy this product again? YES!!

Wednesday, 5 June 2013

Arish Face Cleanser for oily to acne skin - Review

I prefer to review products only after having used them for a month. For any product to show results, positive or otherwise, it needs to be used regularly as instructed .........mainly to be fair to the product as well.

So today I will look at how Arish Face Cleanser for Oily to Acne Skin worked for me.
First let us look at the product:

















It is a simple, oblong bottle with a flip top. The entire cap can be screwed open as well if you want more of the product on the cotton ball. It is a colourless liquid, like water.

Ingredients: 
Every 5 ml of the product contains:
  1. Oil extract of lemon (C.Limonum)............. 0.2 ml
  2. Natural flavouring agent: Oil Extract of Lavender (L.Officianalis).................0.05 ml
  3. Purified water............. Q.S. to 5 ml
Let us briefly look at the properties of the first two ingredients. 

Lemon is a tiny package which packs a bomb of health and beauty benefits.It is packed with vitamin C, the health benefits of which are not unknown. It is great for skin because of its anti-bacterial and astringent properties. Lemons' natural acids can gently exfoliate and cleanse oily skin, leaving it toned and even. Liquid lemon juice can penetrate buildup and remove impurities, leading to tighter, cleaner skin less prone to breakouts. Lemon juice can be added to any home acne remedy to give it a breakout-fighting boost.

Lavender: It has anti bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore beneficial for sensitive and acne prone skin. It is also known to relax and ease tension and stress. The essential oil of lavender is used extensively in aromatherapy and beauty products.

 Indications: 
It is supposed to remove dirt and oils from deep within the pores, maintain Ph balance of the skin and helps in prickly heat, rashes, effective for acne and pimples.

Shelf life: is a reasonable 3 years from the date of manufacture.

Price: INR 185/-for 100ml

What I like about the product:
  1. Nice handy packaging. Can be easily carried in hand-bag.
  2. Lovely lemony fresh smell
What I don't like:
  1. My skin never really felt clean and fresh 
  2. My skin remained slightly sticky even after wiping 3 times.
  3. Did not do much for my oily, pimple prone skin.
  4. The price is a bit steep for the kind of work it did.
So will I buy this product again? No. 

I thought Rose water of any brand did a better job for me at INR 37/- for 120 ml (Dabur Gulabari Rose water).

Maybe if the manufacturers increased the proportion of Lemon and lavender oils in the cleanser, it might be more effective. Otherwise, apart from the first buy out of curiosity (like I did), many will not go for a second buy.

Take care!

Smile,because it adds to your face value!

Wednesday, 29 May 2013

Somi's Glow Shine Review

Most of us use different beauty care products. We like some, we love some and we hate others. Today I am going to review a product that I have been using for a while. It is called Glow Shine.It is a face pack for oily and sensitive skin. It has been prepared by Somi Gupta who is quite a well-known name in beauty care in West Bengal.

It is completely herbal with no additives. I will just run you through the ingredients. Every 5gm of product consists of :
  1. Arjuna .... 1g (The bark of the arjuna tree. It has astringent properties and is useful for acne prone skin).
  2. Harituki/Harar....1g (also has astringent, anti fungal, anti bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, which make it useful in treating allergies, acne, ulcers etc)
  3. Shwet Chandan...... 1g. (Anti Oxidant, Anti-inflammatory, soothing, controls oil secretions)
  4. Saurashtri Mrittka ......1g (fuller's earth, helps remove acne and blemishes. controls oil secretion)
  5. Gaura Khati ............. 1g (couldn't really find its alternative name)
  6. Sankha .........1g  (Conch shell ash, useful for skin whitening & reducing wrinkles)



  It is a powder product and is light greenish brown in colour.

 Method of Use: Equal parts of powder and water to make a paste. Apply evenly on face and neck. Allow it to dry. Wash off with cool water.

Indications: It removes excess oil from the surface of the skin. Reduces break outs.
Before
Application

After
Quantity: 200 gms
Price: INR 115/-

Pros: 
  1. Completely herbal
  2. Controls Breakouts
  3. Reduces dark spots and blemishes 
  4. Gives natural glow to skin
  5. Removes dead skin
  6. Remove skin tanning and sunburn
  7. Very good skin care product for sensitive skin
  8. Makes your skin oil free without feeling dry
  9. Needs a very little amount (one tea spoon is enough)
  10. Good pricing
  11. No side effects 
Cons:
  1. Not easily available outside West Bengal
Will I buy it again? Yes


Let me know how you liked the review.

Take Care!!




 

Tuesday, 28 May 2013

A Great Breakfast Idea!

Summer vacation time tend to be quite demanding. kids want new breakfasts everyday! The toast, pancakes, aloo puri isn't enough.

So I though hard and thought what could I do today? I had some eggs and capsicum among other veggies which don't really go with eggs.............

So I cut some onions and tomatoes........... and though the kids were sort of tired of the omlettes......... so what could I do?



ILooks nice right?? Tastes great too!! Kids just lapped it up and asked for more!!

I don't think any instructions are needed........ Try it out and tell me how you liked it.

Fabulous Fenugreek

Ok, time for breaking the mysteries of another spice. Today I'll talk about fenugreek of methi. 

To begin with, methi is not just a spice. It has been used in three forms,  as a herb (dried or fresh leaves), as a spice (seeds), and as a vegetable (fresh leaves, sprouts, and microgreens). It is bitter to taste and has a strong fragrance.
 Methi Seeds For Hair

Let us list the health benefits of fenugreek:
  1. Methi seeds are very useful for lactating mothers. It helps increase a mother's milk supply.  
  2. Eases women’s health problems : Fenugreek contains compounds like diosgenin and isoflavones with oestrogen-like properties which help reduce symptoms like discomfort and menstrual cramps associated with PMS. These compounds also ease menopausal symptoms like hot flashes and mood fluctuations. Women are more prone to iron deficiency during adolescence (initiation of menstrual periods), during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Including green leafy veggies like fenugreek (methi) in your diet can supply a good amount of iron. But make sure to add tomatoes or potatoes to the preparations to enhance the iron absorption. 
  3. Helps ameliorate metabolism among diabetics. Galactomannan, a natural soluble fibre present in fenugreek slows down the rate of sugar absorption into blood. Fenugreek also contains amino acid responsible for inducing the production of insulin. 
  4. Reduction in cholesterol: According to studies fenugreek helps to reduce cholesterol levels, especially that of the low density lipoprotein (LDL). 
  5. Reduces cardiovascular risk: Fenugreek seed has cardiovascular benefits due to the presence of galactomannan. It lowers the risk of heart attack. It is also an excellent source of potassium which counters the action of sodium to help control heart rate and blood pressure. 
  6. Aids digestion: Fenugreek helps flush out harmful toxins. It relieves indigestion and helps treat constipation. 
  7. Prevents acid reflux or heartburn: One teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in your food can be an effective remedy for acid reflux or heartburn. Mucilage of fenugreek seeds coat the lining of the stomach and intestine and sooth irritated gastrointestinal tissues. Before consuming, you can soak the methi seeds in water to make their outer coat mucilaginous. 
  8. It is a remedy for fever and sore throat: Fenugreek when taken with a teaspoon of lemon and honey can work wonders to reduce fever by nourishing the body. The soothing effect of mucilage in fenugreek also helps to relieve cough and pain from sore throat. 
  9. Can Prevent colon cancer: The fibre content (saponins, mucilage, etc.) of fenugreek binds to toxins in the food and flush them out. This in turn helps to protect the mucus membrane of the colon from cancers. 
  10. Helps Lose weight by suppressing appetite: Include fenugreek in your weight loss diet by chewing soaked methi seeds in the morning on an empty stomach. The natural soluble fibre in the fenugreek can swell and fill the stomach thereby suppressing your appetite. 
  11. Cure for skin inflammation and scars: Apply methi seed paste for effective treatment of skin problems like burns, boils, eczema, etc. Fenugreek seeds also help in getting rid of scars. 
  12. As a beauty product: Fenugreek can be an excellent ingredient for your home-made beauty product. Fenugreek can be used in face packs to help prevent blackheads, pimples, wrinkles, etc. Washing your face with water boiled with fenugreek seeds or applying a paste of fresh fenugreek leaves for twenty minutes on your face can work wonders for your skin. It may be a solution to many hair problems
    Using fenugreek as a part of your diet or as a paste to directly apply on your hair makes your hair shiny and black. Massaging your head everyday with fenugreek seeds boiled in coconut oil can be an excellent remedy for thinning of hair and hair fall.  Fenugreek is also great in controlling dandruff



     
Methi/Fenugreek has also been used as a beauty aid for centuries:

1.Start your day with Fenugreek:Drink half a glass of methi soaked water (recipe given below) on an empty stomach. It not only helps in reducing hair loss but also brings a whole range of health benefits listed above. Make a paste of the seeds and apply to scalp.Cover with a showercap for 30 minutes and wash off with a herbal shampoo. Don't let the paste dry on your scalp because it is difficult to wash off when dry.

2.Apply as a Hairmask :Paste of the fresh leaves or fenugreek seeds with  coconut milk applied over the scalp, helps prevent hair loss,promotes hair growth,reduces dandruff amd makes it silky smooth.

3.Nourishing Fenugreek hair oil: :Ayurveda recommends keeping the scalp moist and cool with oil massages of  herbal hair oils made by infusing coconut oil or sesame oil by boiling fenugreek seeds in it.

4. Anti Dandruff Hair-Pack:A paste of methi leaves or seeds mixed with apple cider vinegar, when applied to the scalp  is good for treating dandruff and dry itchy scalps.

5.Anti Acne Pack:Applying the paste of fenugreek leaves or seeds and turmeric on your face is very good for pimple and blackheads prone skin.

6. Anti Aging Face-Pack:Make a paste of fenugreek leaves or seeds with  boiled milk and add honey to it. Applying this to your face delays the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It not just improves the complexion but also makes one look years younger

7.Moisturising Hair Pack for Shiny and silky Hair:
Fenugreek works  wonders on dry hair,because if its high mucilage and protein content .It  softens your tresses and adds shine to dull hair. Soak fenugreek seeds in water overnight. Once the seeds become soft, grind them to a paste. Mix the paste with half its quantity of curd. Apply the pack to your hair and leave on till it for half an hour.Wash it off with a mild herbal  shampoo . The result will be soft and silky hair you will love to touch.

8.Add volume and bounce to your hair: Apply a paste of fenugreek seeds to condition your hair while adding volume to it. This mask is a little messy but is quite worth the effort.Leave it on for 30 minutes and rinse it as usual with a herbal shampoo.
  
Early Morning Elixir
Methi Seeds  :  1 Spoon

Water            :  Half Glass(Approx 300 ml)

METHOD:

1.First  boil the half glass of water. Cool it so that its still warm and not hot any longer. After that take a spoonful of methi seeds and soak these methi seeds in that boiled water overnight..
2. Early next morning filter the seeds from that water and drink the water with empty stomach.
3.This should be done daily .If you are unable to do this daily, you may do this 3-4 times a week.

Eat fenugreek in all its forms... the seeds, fresh leaves in sabzis puris and parathas, dried leaves to flavour your curries and raitas, sprout them with your regular moong and channa.
 
Take Care!!

Monday, 27 May 2013

Tantalizing Turmeric

Turmeric is natures miracle spice. It has been used in food preparation, as a medicine and as a beauty aid in many parts of the world from times immemorial. It is such an amazing product that there have been attempts to patent Turmeric!! Thankfully, any such attempt has been turned down so far.

Lets start with some trivia about Haldi/Turmeric. 


     

 The Botanical name of Turmeric is Curcuma longa L. It is part of the ginger family. Curcumin is the active ingredient in turmeric which has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects. Curcumin is known for its antitumor, antioxidant, anti-amyloid and anti-inflammatory properties. The rhizome or root of turmeric plant is used to make turmeric spice. The rhizome is boiled and then let to dry. The rough skins are removed and grounded to make a fine rich yellow turmeric powder. Turmeric is natural preservative. When added to Indian delicacies such as curry and rice, it gives a rich color and slight flavor to food. Turmeric combines well with spices such as chilli powder, coriander powder, cumin, and cinnamon.

Medicinal benefits: It may be used to heal many health disorders like liver problems, digestive disorders, treatment for skin diseases, wound healing, atherosclerosis, bacterial infection, and eye disorder turmeric has long been used in Medicinal as an anti-inflammatory agent. Drinking warm milk with turmeric is believed to check minor internal bleeding. 

Place of turmeric in ayurveda: The main organs that turmeric treats are the skin, heart, liver and lungs.  Turmeric is used for epilepsy and bleeding disorders, skin diseases; to purify the body-mind is the most common use of Turmeric in Ayurveda. Turmeric reduces fevers, diarrhea, urinary disorders, and insanity, poisoning, cough, and lactation problems.

As a cosmetic agent: The skin is the main portion of the body and provides a shielding barrier against harmful chemicals, microbes, and ultraviolet radiation. Natural plant products like turmeric have been formulated to heal and prevent dry skin, treat skin conditions such as eczema and acne, and retard the aging process.
Turmeric is used in many celebrations of Indians . Especially in weddings across India, brides are rubbed with turmeric on their bodies for that special bridal glow. New born babies also rubbed with turmeric on their forehead for good luck. Traditionally women rub turmeric on their cheeks to produce a natural golden glow, extract of turmeric has been added to creams for use as a colouring agent. A compound called curcumin is the yellow pigment in turmeric. Nowadays there are lots of herbal products in the market in which main herb used is turmeric as natural ingredient. 
 

Now for some Do-It-Yourself Turmeric skin care recipes.
  • Face-Wash for all Skins 
    Make a paste of honey and yogurt, adding a little turmeric. Apply on the face and wash it off after 15 to 20 minutes. you may add besan/chickpea flour to make it thicker. Yogurt has AHAs found in expensive anti-ageing creams. Honey has antiseptic and moisturizing properties.

  • Scrub for Dry Skin 
    Add dried bread crumbs and a pinch of turmeric in milk or cream. Apply it on the face. let it dry for 10 minutes, moisten with milk and rub gently on the skin, rinsing it off with water. Or alternatively, you may soak leftover chapati in the turmeric-cream mix and rub the chapati on your face.

  • Oily Skin Treatment 
    Apply besan, few drops of lemon and curd curd mixed with a little turmeric on the entire face, and wash it off with plenty of water after twenty minutes. Use it once a day. it works as both, a face wash and pack.

     
  • Acne Control 
    Make a paste of kasturi turmeric powder in mint juice, apply on the pimples for 30 minutes and then wash with lukewarm water. It helps to control acne. You may even use mint juice and turmeric as an astringent. Keep in the fridge and apply as often as you want with cotton.

  • For Stretch Marks 
    Extracts of turmeric have proved useful in lightening stretch marks. But prevention is better than cure. Mix a teaspoon of turmeric in 50 ml of olive or coconut oil. apply everyday during bath time when pregnant. you wont have any stretch marks!

  • For Fair Complexion 
    A traditional fairness secret: make a paste of sandalwood and turmeric and apply daily on the facial area for best results. Washed off with cold water once it dries.
  • For Freckles 
    Freckles impact face beauty badly. To remove, apply lemon juice and turmeric mixture to lighten freckles.
  • For Hair Removal 
    Mix turmeric, besan and wheat flour in equal quantities  with sesame oil, knead it into a dough. Use this mixture for hair removal purpose by making fingers of the dough and rolling them on your arms, legs and areas where you would like to remove hair. If done  2-3 times on babies till about one year of age, they will never have to wax!!

     Ingesting Turmeric for health benefits:
    In India we use turmeric extensively in our food. however, a mix of milk and turmeric is considered a potent health drink. The mixture of turmeric and milk is often touted as an all-natural cure for a variety of ailments and to promote good general health. While many of the medical benefits of turmeric are still unproven, it has been determined that turmeric contains a photochemical called curcumin, which has some benefits to the body, both inside and out, because of its high antioxidant content. Turmeric has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for over 5,000 years.
     

    For Strengthening Bones and Reducing Free Radicals

    One of the numerous health benefits of turmeric and milk is the bone-strengthening properties of the two. Mix a 1/2-inch piece of fresh (green root) turmeric or 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder and cup of milk in a small saucepan. Heat the mixture over medium heat for 5 to 7 minutes until almost boiling and the turmeric has turned yellow. Let the milk cool a bit, discard the piece of turmeric root and transfer the drink to a glass stir in 2 teaspoons of honey. Drink regularly.
    Because of turmeric's high antioxidant content, the combination of milk and turmeric is commonly recommended to fight free radicals that cause damage to skin cells and make your skin lose elasticity. It also boosts your immune system.


    Love!


Sunday, 26 May 2013

Sample for CBSE Histroy Project for Class 12

Dear Friends,
CBSE has announced this year that class 11th and 12th will now do a 20 mark History project and in turn their question paper will be worth 80 marks. I have spoken to a lot of my teacher friends and many of them seemed confused about how to guide the students. So I though of trying to work it out. Here's my effort. Please feel free to use the material and send me your comments and suggestions for improvement.
Love...












 
GENERAL GUIDELINES:
·         The project is to be done on inter-leaf sheets.
·          The total length of the project will be 20-25 pages.
·         The project should be presented in a neatly covered shoe-lace folder.
  • Students have to preserve the initial drafts of the project as well as any research papers that they may have used.
  • Students have to be prepared to give a presentation of the project in the class.
  • A summary/synopsis (one page) of the project has to be prepared covering:
    • The objective statement
    • Their observations and findings
    • Any other learning from this exercise such as skills of team work, problem solving, time management, information collection, processing, analyzing and synthesizing relevant information to derive meaningful conclusions;
·         Please do not use colored sheets except for the title pages.
·         The projects must be neat and well presented and must be completely hand-written.
·         No whiteners to be used or written matter to be crossed out. In case of any mistakes, redo the sheet.
·         Do not number sheets or write dates unless so instructed by your teacher.
·         Colour illustrations, maps, charts may be hand drawn or printed (if it is relevant for any aspect of your project) are welcome to make them look attractive.
  • Guidelines for assessment of Project will be different for separate topics. They are as given below:

 TOPIC 1: Town planning and Artifacts of the Harappan Civilization.

Objectives:
The purpose of this study is as follows:
a.       It will help students to understand the importance of artifacts as a source for studying ancient civilizations.
b.      Students will appreciate the town  planning of Harappan Civilization and can compare it with the modern towns and cities.
c.       It will create awareness on the kind of life people led then.

Methodology:
a.       Visit the Harappan section of the National Museum in Delhi
b.      Reading a story called ‘Footloose in the City’ from the collection of stories called ‘The Forbidden Temple’ (Refer to  sources) and list out the features and characteristics of the protagonist’s lifestyle and city
c.       Surf the net and can get the details about the Harappan civilization.
d.      Each team member should select any one object from the Harappan context, and ask each other about their object. Some sample questions given below.
Ø  What is the material out of which the object is made?
Ø  What are the different ways in which these objects could be used?
Ø  How did one find out about the uses of the object? (Was it by comparing it with other objects, or by asking people etc?)
Ø  What does the object tell about the lifestyle of the person who used it?

This activity would help the students to understand how archeologists and historians look at objects in different ways to extract information from them.
Following is the list of material remains you may choose from:
  • Beads and jewelry
  • Sculptures and figurines
  • Tools and equipments
  • Seals and weights
  • Pottery and utensils

The artifacts can be analyzed keeping the following points in mind-
*        The description of the artifact
*        Where the materials have come from?
*        What might have they been used for?
*        How could experts have found out information about its utility?
*        What specific details does it give about the Harappan culture?

Presentation
  1. In the form of an exhibition, the students could create ‘An ancient Harappan market’. Stalls could be set up in the site of the exhibition and the artifacts that the students have collected\studied could be displayed as things that are sold in the market. The market could include a workshop for the production of seals too. The students could also dress up like the Harappans and pretend to be shopkeepers, merchants,  traders,  artisans,  musicians,  peasants (who have come to sell their grains) and town dwellers. A barter system could be shown. This exhibition could also be put up around the model of the miniature city made by the students using cardboards, wooden planks, sand etc. alternatively, Lego blocks can also be used to make the model.
  2. The students can make presentation in the form of a Power Point report, based on the research work done.

Assessment

The total marks allotted for the project will be 20 marks. The following are the methods and criteria for evaluation:

  • Research contribution:
Each student will get marks individually according to his/her involvement.
Involvement in activity
2 marks
Understanding of concepts discussed
3 marks
Research contribution (Total)
5 marks

  • Report Writing:
Content and Presentation
2 marks
Analysis, interpretation and inferences drawn
4 marks
Written Report Assessment (total)) 
6 marks

  • Thus evaluation would include :
Research contribution (Total)
5 marks
Written Report Assessment (Total)
6 marks
Individual presentation /explanation (Total)
5 marks
Viva
4 marks
Total
20 marks

Sources:

  • Books:
1. Raymond and Bridget Allchin.1997. Origins of Civilization. Viking, New Delhi
2. G.LPossehl. 2003. The Indus Civilization. Vistaar, New Delhi.
3. ShereenRatnagar. 2001. Understanding Harappa. Tulika, New Delhi.
4. T.V Padma. 2004. The Forbidden Temple. Tulika, New Delhi.
5. A.L Basham. 2004. The Wonder that was India, Third Revised Edition. Picador India, London.
6. Upinder Singh. 2002. Mysteries of the Past-Archaeological Sites in India. National Book Trust,India, New Delhi

  • Internet:
1. www.harappa.com/har/harreso.html
2. www.ancientcivilizations.co.uk/home_set.html
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilization

  • Films:
1.      Bharat Ki Chhaap Episode 3
2.      Meluhha: the Indus Civilization and Its Contacts with Mesopotamia (url: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8zcGLlLEbmI)
3.      Bharat Ek Khoj Episode 2


Topic 2: Mahabharata through a Readers eye
How have local beliefs interacted, shaped and been influenced by other ‘greater traditions’ to form different versions and stories of the Mahabharata and how this epic has been projected through various forms.

Objectives:
Ø  It will help the students to understand how the great epic Mahabharata, as an oral tradition, was transmitted from generation to generation.
Ø   It will help them to become aware of the fact that when societies meet with each other, they combine and interact in order to form new traditions in societies.
Ø  It will help them to explore how this epic has been portrayed in different ways across the country in different forms.
Ø  It will help them appreciate the fact that the Mahabharata was not written by one person, but was an oral tradition, reflected in cultures across the subcontinent in various forms like dance, music, stories, paintings etc.
Ø  Students will learn to critically analyze the position, and status of women during that period.
Ø  Students will also be able to understand and evaluate the growth and development of the varna system prevalent at that time.

Methodology:
1.      Students can interview their parents, grandparents, relatives and other people in their locality to know about their stories/sources/perceptions of Mahabharat & social and political life of the people Mahabharat.
2.      Next, in groups of four or five, the students should share and discuss their ideas & findings. If the class consists of children from different regions, then those with similar findings and region can be grouped together. During the discussion, the students could focus on questions like:
*        Which story did the respondent choose to narrate and why?
*        Had you heard this story before?
*        Was this a common story that is prevalent all over India? Or was it different?
*        Did the story include things/places/temples/structures/people/practices that are closely related to your locality or situated close to it?
*        How did the respondent feel about the characters of the Mahabharat? Do they feel their actions were justified?

3.      The next step would be to find out about an art-form that reflects stories from the Mahabharata. For instance, the Indian classical dances have items portraying scenes from the epic. Pandavani from Jharkhand and Yakshagana from Karnataka are two examples of traditional theatre forms that depict tales from the epic. Besides this, each nook and corner of the country has a temple or site with paintings and sculptures related to the Mahabharata. In quite a few cases, the local deity is identified with a principal deity. Students could find the information from books and the internet; or, if there is an art form that is prevalent in the locality itself, it would be highly advisable that the students talk to the locals about their experience, interact with the artists and visit a workshop/site/performance. The students should be divided into groups according to the form of art they investigated. Thus, each group should focus on any one art form: paintings, sculptures, dances, songs or theatre etc. In these groups, the students have to compile their findings, do some research if necessary, and discuss and interpret the findings (keeping in mind the objective of writing a report).

4.      Preparation for the reader’s theatre can only be started when all the students have submitted the project report. For the reader’s theatre, the students have to prepare their own script.
*        It should include a part for each student.
*        It could include sound effects, (preferably drums and other instruments played by the students themselves) and songs.
*        You could look up the internet for further guidelines. Basically, the script should include various local stories to show the interspersing of traditions and songs and props reflecting the discussed art forms.
5.      After the script has been made, each student should be instructed to prepare his or her own speech, which should not exceed 5 minutes.

Presentation:
1.      In the form of theatrical play or in any other dance art form (may seek help from Mr. Nair).
2.      Spontaneous speeches can also be a part of presentation.
3.      Panel discussion by students can also be presented.

Assessment
Students should be assessed base on their participation in the discussions held in their groups.
Participation
2 marks
Understanding
3 marks
Group discussion (total)
5 marks

  • Report
The report written by the students will be assessed according to the following criteria:
Organization and presentation
2 marks
Content
2 marks
Interpretation, understanding and conclusion
2 marks
Report (total)
6 marks

·         Participation in Reader’s Theatre
Involvement during preparation
2 marks
Fluency and impact of speech
2 marks
Understanding and creativity
2 marks
Participation in Reader’s theatre (total)
6 marks

Overall impact and presentation                                                                     3 marks
The overall impact of the reader’s theatre should be assessed. These marks have to be given to the group as a whole i.e. each student would get the same marks.




Thus, evaluation would be based on:
Group discussion
5 marks
Report
6 marks
Participation in Reader’s theatre
6 marks
Overall impact and presentation
3 marks
Total
20 marks

Sources:
Books:
1) Uma Chakravarti. 2006. Everyday Lives, Everyday Histories. Tulika, New Delhi.
2) Irawati Karve. 1968. Kinship Organisation in India .Asia Publishing House, Bombay.
3) Irawati Karve. 1991. Yuganta. Orient Longman Private Limited, New Delhi.
4) R.S Sharma. 1983. Perspectives in Social and Economic History of early India. Munishram Manoharlal, New Delhi.
5) V.S Sukhtankar. 1957. On the Meaning of the Mahabharata. Asiatic Society of Bombay, Bombay
6) Romila Thapar. 2000. Cultural Pasts: Essays in Early Indian History. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
7) Romila Thapar. 2002. Early India. Penguin Books India, New Delhi
8) A.L Basham. 2004. The Wonder that was India, Third Revised Edition.Picador India, London.
9) Samhita Arni. 2001. The Mahabharatha: A Child’s View. Tara Books, Chennai.
10) William Dalrymple. 2009. Nine Lives: In Search of the Sacred in Modern india. (Chapters 2 and 4). Bloomsbury, London.
11) Amar Chitra Katha retellings
12)Devdutt Pattnaik. Jaya. Penguin

Internet:
1) http://bombay.indology.info/mahabharata/statement.html
2) http://www.indiaheritage.org/index.htm

Movies:
1.      The Mahabharata.1989. Directed by Peter Brook.
2.      Mahabharat by B.R. Chopra (for Doordarshan).
3.      Bharat ki Chhaap Episode 4
4.      Bharat Ek Khoj Episodes 5 and 6




Topic 3: Through the Travelers Eyes
The experiences of travelers who visited the subcontinent and how their accounts help us to understand the history of that region in the medieval period.

Objectives:
Ø  This project will familiarize the students with the various travelers who travelled to this part of the world.
Ø  It will help the students to understand the trials and travails of the travelers during the medieval period It will give them a holistic picture of the medieval era (the lifestyle of the people, the towns, the terrain, the climate, languages spoken etc.) as they comprehend the impressions left by travelers.
Ø  It will lead to the development of the following skills in the students:
a)      Ability to gather information from various sources
b)      Ability to understand and critically analyze a source by taking into account, its context, purpose and other factors
c)      Ability to synthesize all the information and present it in an ‘easy-to-understand’ manner
d)     Cooperation, teamwork and leadership qualities.

Methodology:
1.      Each student in the group can choose any one of the following travelers:
Ibn Batuta
Al Biruni
Marco Polo
Nicolo Conti
Abdur Razaq
Francois Bernier
Athanasius Nikitin
Duarte Barbosa
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier
JesuitRoberto Nobili
Manucci
Thomas Roe
Ralph Fitch

2.      The students can research on their chosen traveler. They should list down the different sources they need to look for information, the sub-topics that need to be researched and preparation of presentation. Information can be collected in the form of pictures, notes, recordings, sketches etc.
3.      After all the information has been collected the group members could sit together and discuss the findings keeping in mind the following questions:
a.      Why people traveled at that time?
b.      How feasible was it to travel? What were the challenges?
c.       How is traveling today different?
d.      What were the findings of their travels?
e.       What was the purpose of writing travelogues?
f.        Who were their intended audience?
g.      Were they commissioned to write the travelogues? If yes, then by whom?
4.      After the discussion, the conclusion and inferences should be systematically written down.



Presentation:
Since each student would not be studying about all the travelers, They can form groups and make a presentation through Role play/Radio Show or PPT.

1.      Role play: The presentation for the class can be in the form of a 10 minute skit. It could consist of the following characters: (Only suggestion. You can be as creative as you want)
Ø  The traveler: This student would talk about herself/himself as the traveler and mention information about the traveler’s birth, education etc. She/he should also use a map to show the regions that the traveler visited. Lastly the student should speak about the traveler’s experience in first person.
Ø  The ruler: This student could represent the ruler/king of the region that the traveler visited. This student could give a brief introduction about the kingdom and then talk about the travelers visit to the court.
Ø  The historian: This student will give the conclusion and talk about how the imperious left by this traveler have helped in the study of history.
2.      Power point Presentation: on the above content

Assessment
The total marks allotted for the project will be 20 marks. The following are the criteria for evaluation:
Power point Presentation:                                                                           20 marks
Originality and maturity of inferences drawn and conclusion
4 marks
Diversity of sources used, taking into consideration the sources that were accessible
4 marks
Content(other than conclusion)
4 marks
Organization and creativity reflected in the final file
2 marks
Project File
6 marks
Total
20 marks


Assessment for Role play:                                                                           20 marks
Content and its oral presentation
4 marks
Organization and overall presentation
3 marks
Creativity, props used
3 marks
Role play (total)
10 marks
Project File
10 marks
Total
20 marks

Sources:
Books:
1) Muzaffar Alam and Sanjay Subrahmanyam. 2006. Indo-Persian Travels in the Age of Discoveries, 1400-1800. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
2) Catherine Asher and Cynthia Talbot. 2006. India Before Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
3) Francois Bernier.nd. Travels in the Mogul Empire A.D 1656-1668.Low Price Publications. New Delhi.
4) H.A.R Gibb(ed.). 1993. The Travels of Ibn Batuta .Munshiram Manoharlal, Delhi.
5) MushirulHasan (ed.). 2005. Westward Bound: Travels of Mirza Abu Talib.Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
6) H.K Kaul (ed.). 1997. Travellers’ India-an Anthology.Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
7) Jean- BaptisteTavernier.1993. Travels in India.Munshi Manoharlal, Delhi.

Internet:
1) www.edumaritime.org
2) www.kamat.com/kalranga/itihas/foreign-accounts.htm

 Topic 4: Understanding the Bhakti-Sufi Movement in India.
Objectives:
(a) This project will help the students to comprehend, analyze and be aware of the ways and means by which the poets and saints of the Bhakti and Sufi movement tried to disseminate their ideas and how these ideas changed the society.
(b) Students can appreciate how art, literature and stories played an important role in communication and shaped their ideas.
(c) It will help them to critically study the sources in detail and draw inferences from it.


Methodology:
1.      Students can pick up stories, poems, bhajans or any composition that they have heard in school, temple, dargah or media. (eg. Kair’s Dohas, Mirabai’s bhajans, Sufi composition like’Dam ba Dum Mast Qalandar’)
2.      Visit to a Dargah in your local area (for information on Sufi music)
3.       The students can write a short description of the chosen/visited dargah and then reflect on the activities observed there and relate it with information in textbooks.
4.      As per guidance from the class XII history textbook and other sources the student could find out more information and research about the poetic/musical composition and discourses that is the focus of his/her study and other similar compositions from the same tradition.
5.      A report must be prepared by each student individually. It must include the following components:
a.      An introduction about the bhakti and sufi tradition.
b.      A description about the composition and where it was procured from and its meaning should be written.
c.       The opinions and reflections made by different people in the locality of the dargah, local stories related to the dargah could also be included.
d.      Lastly, a section about how such compositions helped in propagating ideas related to a tradition.

Presentation:
The presentation should be divided into three parts:
1.      Project report: This should consist of a formal report with all the information under various sub-headings as per project guidelines. The inferences drawn should be included in the conclusion. It would be advisable that the students incorporate sketches, photographs maps, etc. in the report.
2.      Group Discussion: Five to six students could be put together in a group and asked to discuss their findings. Each student would be given 2 to 3 minutes. A general discussion would follow, after which each student has to give a conclusion.
3.      Viva-voce: A short viva would be conducted by the teacher in order to understand the student specific questions related to his/her report.


Assessment
The total marks allotted for the project will be 20 marks. The following are the methods and criteria for evaluation:
Project report:
Report on the discussion and the survey
3 marks
Sources used
2 marks
Content and organization
2 marks
Originality and maturity of inferences drawn and the conclusion
3 marks
Project Report (total)
10 marks

Group discussion
Understanding of subject and relevance of the points made
3 marks
Participation and cooperation
1 mark
Conclusion
1 mark
Group discussion (total)
5 marks

Viva-voce
Understanding of the project
3 marks
Efficiency in answering questions with examples
2 marks
Viva Voce (total)
5 marks

Thus, the evaluation would be based on:
Project report
10 marks
Group discussion
5 marks
Viva-voce
5 marks
Total
20 marks


Sources:
Books:
1) Richard m. Eaton (ed.). 2003. India’s Islamic Traditions.Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
2) John Stratton Hawley. 2005. Three Bhakti Voices- Mirabai, Surdas and Kabir in their times and ours.Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
3) David N. Lorenzen (ed.). 2004. Religious Movements in South Asia 600-1800.Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
4) A.K Ramanujam. 1981. Hymns for the Drowning. Penguin, New Delhi
5) Annemarie Schimmel. 1975. Mystical Dimensions of Islam. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
6) David Smith. 1998. The Dance of Siva: Religion, Art and Poetry in South India. Cambridge University Press, New Delhi.
7) Charlotte Vaudeville. 1997. A Weaver Named Kabir. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Web resources:
www.alif-india.com

People who can guide:

Dr. Monica Marwah Adarsh (our Hindi teacher): She did her PhD in Bhakti literature
Mr. Dilip Mathur : Has learnt Sufi practices and teaches Theatre studies (can get his contact details from me)


Topic 5: Depiction of Life during Mughal period through Paintings.

Objectives:
This project will help to:
1.      familiarize the students with the various aspects of the Mughal Empire such as administration, court proceedings, domestic life, life of commoners, war and trade etc.
2.      understand the ways and means by which the emperors tried to shape and disseminate ideas that they wanted the people to believe in.
3.      comprehend the relations between various players in the empire- the state, the merchants, the peasants, the Sufi saints, the neighboring empires, poets and artists etc.

Methodology:
1.      This project could be presented in the form of an exhibition at the end. Each student could be assigned a particular sub-topic eg. political life or social-norms, or cultural scene, through miniature paintings.
2.      Each student should first try and identify all the miniature paintings related to their sub-topic from the text book and beyond and then move on to scrutinizing them. Their descriptions should be written down with emphasis on the colors, patterns and activity portrayed.
3.      These observations should be combined with information from other types of sources like the internet etc and with inferences drawn from discussions with experts (if possible). At the end, the student could produce a concise write-up about their subtopic, constantly giving examples from paintings. Emphasis should be given on how these paintings must have impacted people.
4.      After this, an exhibition could be put up.

Presentation:
Students would be evaluated based on three things:
1.      Group topic: The work of each group would be evaluated separately. The choice of paintings, inferences drawn and interpretation and presentation would be judged.
2.      Contribution to the exhibition: Each group would also be evaluated on the basis their contribution and efficiency and involvement while putting up the final exhibition
3.      Individual presentation: Every student should present and explain a part of the section that his/her group is in charge of.


Assessment
The total marks allotted for the project will be 20 marks. The following are the methods and criteria for evaluation:
Group work
Originality and maturity of inferences drawn and conclusion
2 marks
How well have the paintings been related to the information about the subtopic
2 marks
Content(other than conclusion)
2 marks
Organization and creativity reflected in the presentation
2 marks
Group work (total)
8 marks

Individual presentation/explanation- Marks to be given individually
Content and its oral presentation
2 marks
Understanding of the topic
2 marks
Individual presentation/explanation (total)
4 marks

Individual contribution 4 marks
These marks have to be entered by the teacher based on his/her observation of each student while the exhibition was being put up.

Overall impact and presentation
These marks are to be given to the class as a whole i.e. each student will get the same marks based on their coordinated effort.
Overall impact, presentation and relevance
2 marks
Creativity, originality and visual appeal
2 marks

Thus, the evaluation would be based on:
Group work
8 marks
Individual presentation/explanation
4 marks
Individual contribution
4 marks
Overall impact and presentation
4 marks
Total
20 marks


Sources:
Books:
1) Bamber Gascoigne. 1971. The Great Moghuls. Jonathan Cape Ltd, London.
2) Shireen Moosvi. 2006 (rpt). Episodes in the Life of Akbar National Book Trust, New Delhi.
3) Harbans Mukhia. 2004. The Mughals of India. Blackwell, Oxford.
4) John F. Richards. 1996. The Mughal Empire (The New Cambridge History of India, Vol.1).Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
5) Annemarrie Schimmel. 2005. The Empire of the Great Mughals: History, Art and Culture.Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Internet



 TOPIC 6: How the Partition in 1947 was not just a division of territory but also a division of hearts and how it affected the common people.

Objectives:
This project will make students of this generation aware of the reasons, processes, decisions involved in the partition of our country and the consequences of this tragic phenomenon. The purpose of this project would be to supplement and deepen this understanding of the partition.
Ø  It will help the students empathize and look at this event from the eyes of those who experienced it and were affected by it.
Ø  It will enable them to understand and comprehend the hardships borne by the people during partition
Ø  It will help students critically analyze the importance of the experiences of people as a source for rebuilding the past
Ø  It will familiarize them with the perceptions to people about the partition today

Methodology:
As a part of their holiday assignment, the students could be asked to read/watch one or more of the books mentioned in the Sources section of the textbook. They could also go through the anecdotes in the textbook (even the Political Science textbook- Indian Politics since Independence has anecdotes in the first chapter itself)
1.      Data Collection
Each student can ask their grandparents or other elders about their experiences of Partition. Questions such as the following could be asked:
v  Where were you living and what were you doing (school/college student, employed, married etc.) when the Partition took place?
v  Were you required to migrate? Or were you in a locality from where others migrated and then new people came?
v  Share some experiences related to Partition was it a period full of violence and riots?
v  What were the different changes that partition brought about?
v  What do you feel about it today?
The students should note that these are just some examples of questions that could be asked. They are free to innovate and come up with their own questions. Also, open ended questions should be asked so that the respondents can freely express themselves and emotionally connect to their narration if possible. The experiences should be meticulously recorded (use the recorder in your mobile phone).
  1. After this each student could prepare a set of three to five questions about how individuals relate to the Partition and what they think of it today (do run he questions past your teacher). This survey like study could be carried out in the locality or it could also be done in schools. The reasons behind a person’s opinion should also be noted. Again, people from different communities could be consulted so as to get a complete picture ( talk to at least 10 people).
  2. After this primary researching, the students should discuss the findings. A group leader would speak about the gist of a discussion and the inferences drawn from it.
  3. Based on these findings, the students could either write a report or a story individually.
  4. Simultaneously, the group could decide on one or two anecdotes and make a script for a play.


Presentation:
The report that the students submit should be concise & well organized. Interviews can be recorded and played by the students for a better impact in both types of presentations.
As for the play/skit, students can experiment with props and costumes as well. The skit could include songs and poems (if possible).

Assessment:
Ø  Participation in discussions                                                                                       3 marks
Ø  Originality and understanding reflected while researching-                                  3 marks
Ø  Skit
Understanding and script
2 marks
Presentation, individual part and acting
2 marks
Overall impact
2 marks
Skit (total)
6 marks

Report/Script
Content
2 marks
Inferences drawn
2 marks
Organization and innovation
2 marks
Report/script (total)
6 marks

Thus, evaluation would be based on:
Participation in discussions-
3 marks
Originality and understanding reflected while researching
3 marks
Skit
6 marks
Report/Script
6 marks
Viva-voce
2 marks
Total
20 marks



Sources:


Books:
1.      Jasodhara Bagchi and Subhoranjan Dasgupta (eds.). 2003. The Trauma and the Triumph: Gender and Partition in Eastern India .Street, Kolkata.
2.      AlokBhalla (ed.). 1994. Stories About the Partition of India, Vols. I,II,III.Indus (Harper Collins), New Delhi.
3.      UrvashiButalia. 1998. The Other Side of Silence: Voices from Partition of India. Viking(Penguin Books), New Delhi.
4.      MushirulHasan, ed. 1996. India’s Partition. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
5.      GyanendraPandey. 2001. Remembering Partition: Violence, Nationalism and History in India. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
6.      Anita Inder Singh. 2006. The Partition of India. National Book Trust, New Delhi.


Novels to be read:
1.Khushwant Singh. 2009. Train to Pakistan. Penguin Books India, New Delhi.
2.BhishamSahni. 2008. Tamas. Penguin Books India, New Delhi.


Internet:
3.      http://www.indianetzone.com/42/impact_partition_india.htm


Films:
1.      Garm Hawa,  Dir: M. S. Sathyu
2.       Kya Dilli Kya Lahore, Dir: Vijay Raaz
3.       Pinjar, Dir: Chandra Prakash Dwivedi
4.       Tamas, Dir: Govind Nihalani



FINAL PRESENTATION
Section 1:
HISTORY PROJECT:
(TITLE OF PROJECT)

 NAME:    
SCHOOL:
YEAR: 
 ROLL NO:  
Section 2:


CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY



( TO BE PASTED)
Section 3:


INDEX



Section 4:


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
(Acknowledging the institution, the places visited and the persons who have helped).

Section 5:
PREFACE:
1.      Name Of Project:
2.      Problem Statement / Objective Of Project:

Section 6:
INTRODUCTION:
Ø  Objective of doing the project.
Ø  Introduce the topic studies giving some historical background if possible.

Section 7:
PLANNING AND ACTIVITIES DONE DURING THE PROJECT
( if any)

Section 8:
OBSERVATIONS AND FINDINGS

Section 9:
CONCLUSIONS
(summarised suggestions or findings, future scope of study).

Section 10:
LEARNING  FROM PROJECT



Section 11:
APPENDIX

1.      Persons Consulted:
2.      Bibliography (Books/ Websites/films referred to)
Section 12:

TEACHER’S OBSERVATION.

Name of Teacher:
Signature:

 
Additional tips:
PREFACE:
1.      Name of Project:
2.      Problem Statement / Objective of Project:
The objective of the project is know the: (quote from the objectives given for your topic)
INDEX:
S.NO
PARTICULARS
PAGE NO
1.  
Acknowledgements

2.  
Preface

3.  
Introduction

4.  
Planning And Activities Done During The Project

5.  
Observations And Findings

6.  
Conclusions

7.  
Learnings From The Project

8.  
Appendix

9.  
Teacher’s Observations


Acknowledgements
Acknowledging the institution, the places visited and the persons who have helped

Introduction

·         Objective of doing the project (Why did you choose this topic?)
·         Introduce the topic studied.
o   Give a brief historical background of the  of the topic studied
o   Give details about the organizations or institutions studied.

Planning And Activities Done During The Project

·         You need to give details here about what were the activities that you undertook to do your project.
·         Give them in a detailed sequence.

Observations and Findings

·         You need to analyze the responses and derive conclusions that will be the data for future decisions. This may be done question wise or on any other relevant basis.
Learning from the Project

Can be given as:
·         How you have been able to relate the theory in your syllabus to your own experience of working on the topic.
·         Any other skills developed such as such as skills of team work, problem solving, time management, information collection, processing, analyzing and synthesizing relevant information to derive meaningful conclusions etc.



ALL THE BEST!!